Malinda Carpenter is a Professor of Developmental Psychology at the University of St Andrews. She studies social and prosocial development in infants and young children. Her main research topics include sharing experiences (joint attention and joint action), prosocial behaviour (e.g., helping, sharing, considerateness), imitation, and pre-verbal communication. She has also done work on similar topics with chimpanzees and other nonhuman apes. A key focus of her current work is on designing simple interventions to promote a variety of positive behaviours (e.g., prosocial behaviour, inclusion, self-esteem) in young children.