Qualified in Medicine, Cambridge 1968. Lecturer in Medicine, Aberdeen 1971-4. Clinical lecturer and then Clinical Reader in Neurology, Oxford 1976-86. Professor of Medical Neurology, Edinburgh, 1987-2008. Past President of the Association of British Neurologists, past ombudsman for The Lancet, past Editor of Practical Neurology. 500+ scientific papers, several books and senior author of ‘Stroke, a Practical Guide to Management’.