Chairman, JW Holdings Ltd.

Non-Executive Director, The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc.

Chairman, European Assets Trust NV.

Adviser, Archangel Informal Investments.

Research Director, Optos Plc.

Senior Fellow, Institute for New Economic Thinking.

Chairman, 4J Studios, 4J Studios Ltd.

Chairman and Partner, Inverleith LLP.

President, Canon Medical Research Europe.

Former Chairman, Inveresk Research Group Inc..

Chancellor, University of Strathclyde.