Independent Consultant and Researcher.
Labour Peer, House of Lords.
Former Chairman, Scottish Biomedical Foundation.
Former Professor Emerita and Former Principal and Vice Chancellor, Queen Margaret University.
Former Master, Churchill College, University of Cambridge.
Former Headmaster, Fettes College.
Former Principal and Vice-Chancellor, Edinburgh Napier University.
Former Governor, Bank of Scotland, Bank of Scotland plc.
Former Principal and Vice-Chancellor, University of Glasgow.
Chair, Historic Environment Scotland.
Former Parliamentary Ombudsman and Health Service Ombudsman for England, Scotland and Wales.