Former Regius Professor of Botany, University of Edinburgh.

Emeritus Professor of Chemistry, University of Sussex.

Former Principal, George Watson's College.

Labour Peer, House of Lords.

Rankine Professor of Engineering, University of Glasgow.

Directeur de Recherche Emérite CNRS, Institut de Biologie Structurale .

Director, Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law.

Professor of Petroleum Geoscience, University of Edinburgh.