RSE Fellows, past and present, are an illustrious rollcall of leading scientists and thinkers. In common with other similar organisations with such a long-standing history, women were only able to join its ranks relatively recently. Five groundbreaking women joined the Fellowship in 1949. They led the way as role models for future Fellows and were the first of many women to play a significant role in the Royal Society of Edinburgh’s history.
Dr Charlotte Auerbach FRSE
Charlotte Auerbach was a Zoologist and Geneticist. Charlotte ﬂed from Nazi Germany in 1933 aged 34, after being dismissed from her teaching posts for being Jewish. She ﬂed to Edinburgh and gained her PhD in 1935; she researched the eﬀects of mustard gas, ﬁnding that it caused often lethal mutations in fruit ﬂies.
Dr Ethel Currie FRSE
Ethel Currie was an esteemed Scottish Geologist, who worked at the University of Glasgow as Assistant Curator of the Hunterian Museum, focusing on Palaeontology as her specialism. In 1945, Currie was the ﬁrst woman to be awarded the Neill prize by the RSE and in 1952, she became the ﬁrst women President of the Geological Society of Glasgow.
Dr Sheina Marshall OBE FRSE
From the Isle of Bute, Sheina Marshall was a Scottish Marine Biologist who played a crucial role in medical research during the Second World War. She researched diﬀerent ways of obtaining agar, which was required to produce vaccines, by scouring the shores for seaweed. Marshall and her colleague, Andrew Picken, identiﬁed a strand of seaweed, ‘False Irish Moss’, as the best local source of agar. Prior to the war, Britain used to import agar from Japan and Marshall was able to identify sources of agar from many British beaches thanks to this common seaweed.
Dr Christina Cruikshank Miller FRSE
Christina Cruikshank Miller made crucial discoveries in analytical chemistry. She was the only woman amongst the ﬁrst 25 Fellows of Heriot-Watt College and consistently fought for her place as a woman in a male-dominated research ﬁeld. An inspiration to her fellow teachers and students, she was partially deaf and suﬀered blindness in one eye following an accident in her lab. Her pioneering work included producing the ﬁrst sample of pure phosphorous trioxide, which proved that it was not responsible for the glow emitted from phosphorous, as had been claimed by others.
Dr Doris Reynolds FRSE
Doris Reynolds was a British Geologist who made considerable contributions to the ﬁeld of Geology and was awarded the Lyell Medal from the Geological Society of London in 1960. During the 1940s, Reynolds developed the theory of ‘granitisation’ to try to explain the formation of granite in the Earth’s crust. Although the theory was later disproved, it led to greater research and understanding in this area.